How to create fast database queries

Archive for September 29th, 2009

Adjacency list vs. nested sets: MySQL

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Continuing the series:

What is better to store hierarchical data: nested sets model or adjacency list (parent-child) model?

For detailed explanations of the terms, see the first article in the series:

This is the last article of the series which covers MySQL.

MySQL differs from the other systems, since it is the only system of the big four that does not support recursion natively. It has neither recursive CTE's nor CONNECT BY clause, not even rowset returning functions that help to emulate recursion in PostgreSQL 8.3.

MySQL supports a thing that all other systems either lack or implement inefficiently: session variables. They can be set in a SELECT clause and can be used to keep some kind of a state between the rows as they are processed and returned in a rowset.

This of course is against the whole spirit of SQL, since SQL implies operations on whole sets and session variables operate on rows and are totally dependent on the order they are returned or processed. But if used properly, this behavior can be exploited to emulate some things that MySQL lacks: analytic functions, efficient random row sampling etc.

Hierarchical functions are among the things that need to be emulated in MySQL using session variables to keep the function state.

Here's the old article in my blog that shows how to do this:

On the other hand, MySQL implements one more thing that is useful for nested sets model: SPATIAL indexes.
Read the rest of this entry »

Written by Quassnoi

September 29th, 2009 at 11:00 pm

Posted in MySQL