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How to create fast database queries

Archive for August, 2010

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From Stack Overflow:

I have a logfile which logs the insert/delete/updates from all kinds of tables.

I would like to get an overview of for example the last 20 people which records where updated, ordered by the last update (datetime DESC)

A common solution for such a task would be writing an aggregate query with ORDER BY and LIMIT:

SELECT  person, MAX(ts) AS last_update
FROM    logfile
GROUP BY
        person
ORDER BY
        last_update DESC
LIMIT 20

What's bad in this solution? Performance, as usual.

Since last_update is an aggregate, it cannot be indexed. And ORDER BY on unindexed fields results in our good old friend, filesort.

Note that even in this case the indexes can be used and the full table scan can be avoided: if there is an index on (person, ts), MySQL will tend to use a loose index scan on this index, which can save this query if there are relatively few persons in the table. However, if there are many (which is what we can expect for a log table), loose index scan can even degrade performance and generally will be avoided by MySQL.

We should use another approach here. Let's create a sample table and test this approach:
Read the rest of this entry »

Written by Quassnoi

August 24th, 2010 at 11:00 pm

Posted in MySQL